Water for Cameroon primarily constructs two well types. The type A has a rope and bucket mechanism and a hand pump. Type B has only a rope and bucket mechanism – it does not have a pump. However the construction method used allows for a pump to be fitted at a later stage without any modification to the well. This usually happens when the community has raised sufficient funds for the pump and fitting costs. To date most of the completed wells are type B, because that was what the communities wanted and could afford.
There is a long process of engagement with the community before it is agreed that a well or latrine will be constructed in the community. This process helps to build a foundational relationship between the community and WfC or its partner. Though this is time consuming and has costs attached it is a very important part of the process.
Discussions on responsibilities for all involved are talked over and agreed. The community is the owner of the process from start to finish. Water for Cameroon is merely the facilitator. When agreement is reached then contracts are signed and the work of construction can begin.
Responsibilities for the community include providing a cash and in kind contribution to the overall cost of the project. Training is given in setting up a water committee, well maintenance, and health promotion. We request that the local community contribute 10% of the well’s cost in cash, plus in kind benefits such as accommodation and food for the Cameroonian construction team.